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triad in the west

Triad in the West

According to the motto “Hagen Impulse – Awa¬kening of Essen – Krefeld Perspectives”, the three cities are forming a “Triad in the West” during the Bauhaus year. The three cities Hagen, Essen and Krefeld are closely linked to one another due to their cultural history before the Bauhaus era. With the founder of the Folkwang Museum and patron of the art Karl Ernst Osthaus, Hagen gave a strong impetus to Bauhaus.

The Folkwang Museum and Folkwang School in Essen and the Krefeld textile schools and textile industry were closely associated with many of his protagonists beyond the end of Bauhaus. The extraordinary architectural testimonies of this era still shape the image of the three cities.

hagener impuls


The “Hagen Impulse” refers to the period from 1900 to 1921, when Hagen was one of the most impor-tant centers for the artistic reform movement and the place where the avant-garde of architects promoted the further development of Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) into functional design forms with their constructions, which then led to Bauhaus.

essen awakening


1919 is the one-hundredth anniversary of the foundation of the so-called Kleines Atelierhaus (Small Studio House) on the Margarethenhöhe in Essen, which the donor of the garden city, Margarethe Krupp, had built for the artist Hermann Kätelhön. It was the nucleus of a group of artists, who established themselves on the Margarethenhöhe in the following years.

krefeld perspectives


This development was initiated and driven by the silk industry. It was already globalized in the 19th century and Krefeld became the center of it.

Triad in the West flyer

Learn interesting facts about the triad cooperation and download the official flyer in German, English or Dutch.

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